Essential Oil

An essential oil is a concentrated hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aroma compounds from plants. Essential oils are also known as volatile oils, ethereal oils, aetherolea, or simply as the oil of the plant from which they were extracted, such as oil of clove. An oil is “essential” in the sense that it contains the “essence of” the plant’s fragrance—the characteristic fragrance of the plant from which it is derived. The term essential used here does not mean indispensable as with the terms essential amino acid or essential fatty acid which are so-called since they are nutritionally required by a given living organism.

Essential oils are generally extracted by distillation, often by using steam. Other processes include expression,solvent extraction, absolute oil extraction, resin tapping, and cold pressing. They are used in perfumes, cosmetics,soaps and other products, for flavoring food and drink, and for adding scents to incense and household cleaning products.

Essential oils have been used medicinally in history. Medical applications proposed by those who sell medicinal oils range from skin treatments to remedies for cancer and often are based solely on historical accounts of use of essential oils for these purposes. Claims for the efficacy of medical treatments, and treatment of cancers in particular, are now subject to regulation in most countries.

As the use of essential oils has declined in evidence-based medicine, one must consult older textbooks for much information on their use. Modern works are less inclined to generalize; rather than refer to “essential oils” as a class at all, they prefer to discuss specific compounds, such as methyl salicylate, rather than “oil of wintergreen”.

Interest in essential oils has revived in recent decades with the popularity of aromatherapy, a branch of alternative medicine that claims that essential oils and other aromatic compounds have curative effects. Oils are volatilized or diluted in a carrier oil and used in massage, diffused in the air by a nebulizer, heated over a candle flame, or burned as incense.

The earliest recorded mention of the techniques and methods used to produce essential oils is believed to be that of Ibn al-Baitar (1188–1248), an Andalusianphysician, pharmacist and chemist.

 

PRODUCT LIST OF ESSENTIAL OIL

ANGELICA OIL

ANISE OIL

BASIL OIL

BAY OIL

BENZOIN OIL

BERGAMOT OIL

BIRCH OIL

BITTER ALMOND OIL

BLACK PEPPER OIL

BOLDO OIL

BUCHU OIL

CAJUPUT OIL

CALAMUS OIL CAMOMILE OIL CAMPHOR OIL

CARAWAY OIL

CARDAMOM OIL

CARROT SEED OIL

CASSIA OIL

CATNIP OIL

CEDARWOOD OIL

CINNAMON OIL

CITRONELLA OIL

CLARY SAGE OIL

CLOVE OIL

CORIANDER OIL

CUMIN OIL

CYPRESS OIL

DAVANA OIL

DILL OIL

ELEMI OIL

EUCALYPTUS OIL

FENNEL OIL

FRANKINCENSE OIL

GALBANUM OIL

GERANIUM OIL

GRAPEFRUIT OIL

GINGER OIL

HELICRYSUM OIL

HYSSOP OIL

JASMINE OIL

JUNIPER OIL

LAVANDIN OIL

LAVENDER OIL

LEMON OIL

LEMONGRASS OIL

LIME OIL

MANDARIN OIL

MANUKA OIL

MARJORAM OIL

MELISSA OIL

MUGWORT OIL

MULLEIN OIL

MUSTARD OIL

MYRRH OIL

MYRTLE OIL

NEROLI OIL

NIAOULI OIL

NUTMEG OIL

OAKMOSS OIL

ORANGE OIL

OREGANO OIL

PALMA ROSA OIL

PARSLEY OIL

PATCHOULI OIL

PENNYROYAL OIL

PEPPERMINT OIL

PETITGRAIN OIL

PIMENTO OIL

PINE OIL

RAVENSARA OIL

ROSE OIL

ROSEMARY OIL

ROSEWOOD OIL

RUE OIL

SAGE OIL SANDALWOOD OIL SPEARMINT OIL

SPIKENARD OIL

TAGETES OIL

TANGERINE OIL

TANSY OIL

TARRAGON OIL

TEA TREE OIL

THUJA OIL

THYME OIL

TUBEROSE OIL

VANILLA OIL

VETIVER OIL

WINTERGREEN OIL

WORMWOOD OIL

YARROW OIL

YLANG YLANG OIL

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